• Ludum Dare 38

    This game challenges you to build a sustainable city in a small world in the midst of the skies. How many citizens can you make happy in your city? Will you let them survive or get them poisoned? Will you build forests to combat climate change or let it rain down ashes? It’s all up to you!

    This game was build in 48 hours during the Ludum Dare Game Creation competition where one has to create a game from scratch in 48 hours (a weekend) including sleep.

    Ludum Dare 38 game start

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  • Ludum Dare 36

    Ludum Dare 36 Game snapshot The 36th Ludum Dare finished and I've made it again! This time without a live blog at @GameStad. Play the game here on the Ludum Dare entry page. The theme this time was Ancient Tech. My game is set in a fantasy world with tech far below ours. You, the GOD of eternal slumber get's awoken by a cult of worshippers. Once awoken this mechanic god initiates it's main program... Wil you be able to execute this program?

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  • Art style testing

    I've been drawing on live streams on Tuesdays for a while. During these streams I've been practicing some different kinds of art styles. This is one of those different styles. As a quick painting I really like them. But beyond that I still have doubt. Do you have suggestions? Tell me on twitter or the live stream itself.

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  • Ludum Dare 34

    The 34th Ludum Dare finished last monday! I participated with my intern Christa and we built a game around the themes “two buttons” and “growing”. The graphics turned out awesome and the gameplay itself is decent. Play a fish which eats other fish and nuclear waste! You know what happens when you eat nuclear waste right? Time for you to start growing: Play

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  • Ludum Dare 35

    The 35th Ludum Dare finished last monday and I’ve made it again! I finished a game in 48 hours with pretty graphics decent graphics. It has been a very exciting week with lots of positive feedback. The theme was shapeshifting and the game turned out as a battle game, click and shapeshift for damage while you try to avoid receiving damage. You can play the game here: Play

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  • Easter Egg Hunt

    Can you find all the easter eggs in this Easter Egg game I made? The game was created during a two session live stream last week on Picarto. Play the game on the GameCreator.

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  • Art Livestream

    Follow my art adventures and more on! I'm going to weekly broadcast as I create art for the GameCreator or InCourse for you to use there.

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  • Ludum Dare 32 result

    Ludum Dare finished last monday and I made it! I finished a solid game in 48 hours with pretty graphics. It has been a very exciting week with lots of positive feedback. You can play the game here:

    For more information visit my Ludum Dare 32 adventure blog.

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  • How to make sure a game idea is good?

    You finally came up with the game of your dreams. You wrote everything down, used all available studies and it sounds too good to be true on paper. But how do you make sure it ends up being fun to play? You could build the game and throw in endless testing afterwards until your test subjects think it’s fun. But is that really the way to go? I think not. There are better ways to do quality checks. So what easier and quicker ways are there?

    Periodic player involvement

    Don’t shy away from asking potential players to try and review your game concept. Besides the obvious part where they give feedback on what they like or dislike, they are also the first to try the game itself when it’s finished. If you gain their interest the chances are they will be the first group to spread the word. Not to mention they feel a part of the game since they were involved. It’s a good way for a small indie developer to get some attention. But let’s get back to the obvious part. If you think developing your game takes around 5 months. Make sure to involve your future players at least once a month. It gives you time to act on their fears and comments. Later on this will lower the time taken during testing.

    Prototype, prototype and implement

    I learned that creating your game at once with all features feels good, but it gave a headache to test it with my audience. Instead, I tend to build smart prototypes in the GameCreator with the most important game features. When I’m making a platform game with a special boss I take the bosses mechanics and put it in a small level which I can easily fine-tune. It’s quicker and easier to get done for your next session with players. Nothing beats seeing your involved audience smile for five minutes rather than get stuck on issues you didn’t want them to comment on.



    To further know if your game will be a success, write down which statistics to record and how you expect them to analyse. Letting players test your game is one. But how do you record the necessary information you need to know the players act as you wish? Is watching enough? Do you need to record the screen and eye moments? Before I get to play-tests I write a simple table with bullet points I need to know in Excel. It often contains: time needed to finish a level/section, amount of retries, keys being pressed, the player’s emotion and their average compared with all others.

    Use structured tables to keep your data at hand

    This is just a small set of techniques I use and have seen in other companies. They give you the edge and act as a forward warning system when users freak out about your concept. Large game development companies even have their own departments with data analytics who analyse every pixel of a game during game-play.

    How do you make sure your users enjoy? Did you ever use play tests? Or are you planning to? I would love to know!

    View all blogs from the series “What makes a good game?”

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  • Target audiences and user motivatio

    Creating an artistic game is one part. Making a game popular for an audience is another. My company creates games for businesses, a different kind of audience than Ludum Dare participants. How to make sure that a game will fit them? The key is to know your target audience to the bone, to make sure they keep playing and recommend it to friends. Our goal is to make lots of people play and enjoy our games. So, what does motivate a human to enjoy my games?

    Whenever you create a game you’ll have an idea about the people you expect to play your game. We’ve discussed how to make a game fit to everyone in the previous blogs in the series. But how to define your audience? Let’s take a look at the game I previously made for Ludum Dare 29 called “Troubling times“ . The theme in this competition was “Below the Surface”.  Since it’s made for a Ludum Dare competition, our first and main audience are the Ludum Dare participants. The game is intended as a physiological and survival story driven. The player gets stuck in a submarine base and finds itself locked while the base slowly but steadily breaks down. There is a bit of exploring (finding out why) and a goal (escaping).

    Beneath the Surfaace

    If I reflect on why players would play it I ask myself “What does motivate them to continue and play?”. To do this I often use four intrinsic motivations. Intrinsic means a part of, the default nature or the self-desire, from within the player. For example: you’ll end up being a game developer, because you enjoy learning about games. It isn’t: you’ll end up being a game developer, because you adore money. That’s an extrinsic motivation. With an extrinsic motivation you’ll do it for the reward (money), not the process (learning).

    Player motivations

    These motivations are well defined in the RAMP framework, namely: Relatedness, Autonomy, Mastery and Purpose. The exploring element relates to a bit of autonomy while our goal of escaping fits the purpose motivation. I miss two types: players who are motivated by relatedness and mastery will bite the dust. What does this mean for our target audience?

    It means that the target audience for this game wasn’t the entire Ludum Dare user base. It was a niece audience who longs for purpose or a bit autonomy. I never researched our Ludum Dare user base, but probably less than a half would qualify as the real target audience of users who fancies such games.

    Expanding our audience

    How would I change this game to fit a broader target audience? I missed the motivations: relatedness and mastery. Let’s start of relatedness, this motivation is about being connected and creation relations with others. I can do two things, make you feel really connected to the other character ingame or by sharing your current game status to others for hints or even discussing solutions. To include the mastery motivation the game needs to have learning curve. The current puzzles are too short and simple to really motivate or challenge you to learn how to solve. A set of more complicated puzzles, a bit harder after the previous, would increase the mastery motivation.

    So next time when we start a little game for Ludum Dare, we keep the target audience in mind and what motivates us to play your game. I know I will. To get my games better fitted with the Ludum Dare participants I’ll design an easy to use matrix.

    What techniques do you use to check your target audience? Or do you rather create artistic games for the fun of creating?

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  • Which aspects are important in a game?

    Although there are millions of games these days, only a few really succeed and even less are worth to play. How is this possible? A game consists of a set of rules, right? But a bunch of rules don’t make it fun to play. Actually, far from in my opinion. Throwing in some random rules doesn’t make a game good. So, which aspects are important related to the rules and make it worth the play? What gives rules the edge to play a game again and again?

    There are lots different theories about that. But let’s start analyzing it a bit on our own first. Take FarmVille, already a much debate game reflecting micro economics and social play. While you’re forced to do social play and use the micro economics, most people keep returning as long as they can. Why do they get back? If you ask players what makes the game fun, you’ll receive several answers. I took the three most heard reasons to analyze:

    • It’s my farm
    • I keep finding new stuff
    • Crops harvesting before they wither

    My farm in FarmVille

    It’s my farm ‘cause I build it

    What makes them think it’s their farm? Well, they have put time in it, they decorated the farm themselves by earning or buying options. It gives the player the idea it’s his own farm. He actually did create the farm based on the game’s rules. It’s like drawing a painting or building a house. You put effort in it to create it. It’s a strong drive for players to return. We can define this as “creativity” and “ownership”. Depending on the theories I know there are around 4 to 16 “drivers”.

    The need of collecting

    Will you keep finding new stuff? Yes, because there isn’t much stronger than the human’s curiosity. If it grabs hold of your attention. You want to know all of it. So that’s a very strong game driver. The drivers I normally define are: calling, creativity, curiosity, possession, social pressure, impatience, scarcity and accomplishments. If a game contains all of these, the theory is, it will be playable by most if not all people.

    The need to avoid loss

    In FarmVille you need to tend your crops like a baby? A very strong drive in this game to get back is to prevent your farm from dying. The last thing you want is to hinder the progress of building your farm by letting crops wither. This forces you to get back regularly. Yet, they don’t go as far as destroying the entire farm. The behavior is known as avoidance and creates a pressure driver.

    I can analyze a game much further than this to find if the game is good. But luckily I don’t need to reinvent the wheel. There are already a lot of gamification and analyzing guidelines and frameworks you can grab. In the past I used the following frameworks: Octalysis, Marczeweski, GAME, RAMP and much more. They contain questions, constraints and rules. I often find these incomplete and I normally use a set of frameworks to get all drivers and aspects correctly.

    Although a game implementing all these drivers has more change of succeeding, focusing on less drivers could also end up being a very popular game. But even in a first person shooter where the focus lies with the story and thrill for action it often also contains ownership and creativity. Weapons, different paths to solve the level and even scores are related to a driver. But they aren’t always very clear or even the focus of the game.

    Although these frameworks can predict your game’s popularity and acceptance, I see them more as guidelines. I find it easier to set up a fun game and balance my game before development starts. It allows me to shift my attention to actually creating the game rather than endlessly include game testers and that makes it easier to compare it with your target audience’s profile.

    This is my second of a series of blogs on “What makes a good game”.

    You probably unconsciously use a lot of these aspects already. can you find them? How do you define your game’s aspects during Ludum Dare?

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  • What exactly is a game?

    We all know games, everyone plays games, but do we really know what defines a game? Before we can create a good game we need some sort of definition of it. So what is it? Sure, everything with rules can be defined as a sort of game. But let’s define it a bit better than that. So let’s try!

    What would be the most simplistic game you can think of? The first game that comes to my mind is the child’s game “Tagging”. It has two very basic rules: One player is “it” and if you’re being tagged by “it”, you become it. Remembering my years on the primary school’s playground the game had different additional rules all the time. An often used additional rule was “You can’t tag the old “it” back”. Although these were set by us, additional constants where there too. For example the teachers didn’t allow you to leave the playground or trip others. Not a rule set by us, the players, but by our superiors.

    The summary of the game? There’s conflict, no-one wants to be “it”. It would be boring if someone wanted to be “it” because of the lack of conflict. The rules define boundaries in the game. The outcome of the game was clear too, the child being “it” at the moment of the school bell lost the game. Katie Salen, a veteran game developer, her description of a game comes to my mind:

    “A game is a system in which players engage in an artificial conflict, defined by rules, that result in a quantifiable outcome” (Katie Salen, Game Design Fundamentals, page 80)

    If I apply this logic to one of my previous Ludum Dare games, for example, “You only get one” we could describe it like this:

    Conflict: the player wants to get home without being eaten while the dragon keeps advancing.

    Rules: the player is constraint in a 2D world, there’s gravity, the game is lost when touching the dragon, his fire or falling out of the screen.

    Outcome: the player wins when he enters his house (time constraint).

    Ludum Dare 28 - The drago's journey

    That is quite clear, but how does this apply to popular games like Minecraft? Is it a real game? Let’s try:

    Conflict: the player needs to stay alive (retain its hearts)

    Rules: the player loses hearts when hungry, the player receives damage from mobs, the game is lost when its hearts are depleted, the player can eat food, can create weapons and armor etc.

    Outcome: is there any? What about defeating the ender dragon?

    Is the ender dragon really a quantifiable outcome? After defeating the dragon the conflict itself remains, nothing is resolved. The main conflict centers around staying alive, not on the dragon roaming a different realm. Thus, I wouldn’t describe it as an outcome or a game, but more of a sandbox or toy. Though open world games like Oblivion feature some kind of the same freedom as Minecraft, in the end you resolve the main conflict, defeat the bad guy and establishes peace. That’s a clear quantifiable outcome with rules and conflicts.

    This is my first of a series of blogs on “What makes a good game”.

    What’s your take on the definition? Does it fit mine?

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  • Ludum Dare 31

    It's  only a few more weeks until the next Ludum Dare starts. It will be held in the weekend from 4 to 6 december! As always, I'm going to keep an up to date blog about my progress. Read more about the Dare there.

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  • Ludumdare entries

    For the past years I competed in the Ludumdare Competitions. In these competitions you only have 48 hour to build a game from scratch matching the given theme. I compete since 2011 on a regular basis and have finished atleast three small and fun games.

    The entries are:


    The player finds himself in his bedroom only to find out that his bedroom suddenly lies inside a deserted world. It's up to you to find way out.

    The theme was: Alone

    Death ray

    The player orbits high above the earth in his evil spacebase while heros try to get in. It's only a matter of time before your station collapses and it might be your only change to put into chaos!

    Theme: Be the villain

    The Dragon journey

    There is only one way home and it's guarded by a dragon. It's up to you to get home unscratched as a dragon tails you down.

    Theme: You only get one

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  • How did I do it?

    During this seventh Ludum Dare competition our theme was Connected Worlds. I started around 05:30 CEST on Saturday and submitted it around 03:00 on Monday. I worked thirty-six hours on the game, slept ten hours (2 + 8), used three hours for writing down a concept, drew sixteen hours, used around eight hours for creating the game’s logic and six hours for music. The other time was used for play testing, blogging, eating and quick breaks.

    Play the game! Rate the game! Read about the game!


    First things first, before you can start making your game, you need an idea and plan. Thus I started with brainstorming. Writing down related and interesting keywords around the theme “Connected worlds”. I figured most people would go for a space or island settings, which is attractive but I wanted to create something different, more unique. I made some small trips and played with ideas related to abstract, race and relation types of connected world and decided to settle down with something from my favorite theme: Cyber Punk, most notable worlds like Ghost in the Shell.

    Brainstorm diagram - spider First map sketch


    When I finished writing down a small synopsis of my brain twists I started to lay down simple visual world and adding the elements. When I got a small world I proceeded with testing and adjusting the concept bit by bit until I was satisfied.


    Once I had the prototype of the actual gameplay I could start drawing the game world.

    Game level and icons

    This included a background, network node icons, guard icons, citizen icons and more. I spread this in several stages, every stage ending up more detailed. I swapped between drawing on the game level and icons and the prologue and epilogue scenes. Which allowed me to take a break on a drawing and look at it again after an half an hour with a “fresh look”.

    Gameplay Prototype result

    Prologue & Epilogue

    The prologue and epilogue were a bit different from the art I had to draw for the actual game. The prologue and epilogue are a timed story without interacting but with moving assets. This took the most time to draw. I planned six scenes with several large moving elements like humans, hands or walls.

     Screen cap epilogue


    Audio is one of my worst development skills. I don’t work with audio often or I have a composer making the actual audio. For the simple sounds like button pushes or other quick sounds I used simple tones, combined, altered just to give a small beep. For the actual music I decided I was going to use a combination of audio generators and Audacity. It took me a while before I had the desired sound which didn’t get annoying after the initial 30 seconds.

    Audio composer


    To make sure the game was submitted on time (before 03:00) I already submitted it around 02:30 on Monday. That was before I found out the submission deadline was till 04:00. The good thing about hosting it online you can post a link and update it. So around 02:55 I wrapped everything up and ended with a good stretch. I was a bit stiff from hanging above my drawing tablet ;)


    Everything done and submitted, I’m happy about my schedule and work. I didn’t really have timing issues but some things did take longer than hoped. The concept seemed easier than it was. And of course the concept took some more fine tuning to make it actually challenging.

    Play the game!

    Rate the game!

    Read about the game!

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  • In for Ludumdare 30!

    This will be my fourth year of Ludum Dare and the seventh time I compete. I’m going to write a live blog like I always did which can be found here.

    This time I have to put a bit more effort in music rather than graphics ;) I learned my lesson.

    This time I’ll be using InCourse® GameCreator again. A webbased game engine developed by Islandworks and dubbed ‘the GameCreator’. It’s a webbased game engine with an easy and no-coding editor. I’ll be using the Ludum Dare promo code for more statistics. I’m excited!

    OS of choice: Windows 8.1

    Game engine of choice: InCourse 3.2 – the Gamecreator

    Graphics: Photoshop or Illustrator

    Audio: Audicity & Anvil.

    Hardware: Wacom cintiq (Pen tablet), Space Explorer (3d Mouse), M5 mouse, dual monitors etc.

    I’ll post a “How did I do it” on the end as I did the last times.

    Other year’s entries include but are not limited to: World AloneBe the Villain and The Dragon Journey.

    Strong99's Ludumdare 22 entry - World alone Strong99's Ludumdare 25 entry

    Strong99's Mini Ludumdare 49 entry Strong99's Ludumdare 28 entry

    And a lot more! Visit my live blog during the event!


    Good luck fellow Ludum darers!

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  • Copycats and protecting against them

    My approach and idea against copycats. I wrote the blogpost for the Ludum Dare community since their 48 hour games get ripped and sold by others, copycats. It's an issue you see to with movies, games and books. Everything is copyable and sellable by someone else. But what to do against it? Read my thoughts on the Ludum Dare blog.

    It hurts to see that most lovely game ideas and even complete games get ripped, copied and being sold. It makes it impossible for those who had the idea to improve it beyond “good”. So what would be the good kind of “protection” against this?

    It’s never impossible to copy or even recreate if they want to. (re-engineering get’s easier by the day). The thing is, you shouldn’t rely on the product you create. You should rely on your ideas. Rely on the experience you design instead of the product itself. Keep developing, keep ahead of your competition and copycats. Everything gets copied from books, movies, games up to houses. Did you know they remodelled Paris and Venice in the USA and even bigger in China? It’s a small sized mini-Paris city. Things get already copied before they’re a day old. Don’t rely on your product, rely on your innovative ideas. Create your space, your slice of the world where people can sign up and enjoy your ideas (a brand so to say) instead of a single product at a time. That’s what Ludum Dare could be, beyond the compo, it’s own brand where people come to enjoy the fresh ideas of the community.

    Read more about Copy cats in the physical world: inside china's mini-paris.

    Tianducheng by MNXANL - CC BY-SA 4.0 - 3 June - 2018

    That said, always keep an eye out for copycats. If you can take them down from stores, go ahead, but don’t rely solely on your product that is always copyable.

    I regularly compete in the Ludum Dare competition and develop games for companies. I like using these kinds of competitions to get in touch with creative minds and recruit them. If they stop competing it would be a great loss. I designed the online tool GameCreator to easily create and share games or interactive presentations to wherever and whoever you want. It doesn’t contain code in the old sense of the word. But the idea behind it is to easily mock up, extend, improve and share your ideas. Instead of developing a few weeks, mock it in a day, share, improve and share again. Since it’s an online cloud service it’s also a bit harder to directly copy it from the web to an appstore without ripping almost the entire service and its build in protection. Instead they could set up a link and embed in an app’s browser. Which you would always notice in the tool’s analytics. But the game’s source code would always be shareable for the competition.

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  • Ludumdare 29

    On the 26th of April I competed again in a Ludumdare competition - a competition on which you're supposed to build a game from scratch in just 48 hours! - the theme was Beneath the Surface. View the game and my personal LD29 blog here.

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  • Interactive tutorial

    I promised myself to practice more on 2d game art and I still needed to write a tutorial about the GameCreator. So I combined these two together. The result? A fun tutorial inside a 2d game. Play through the small game and learn how the GameCreator works.

    How did I get this far? 

    I started off with a quick sketch of a small world followed by a concept and later the game:

    A quick sketch of the game's design

    The game's concept

    After I finished the visual concept I continued on creating the game inside the editor without any eye candy. It became a green but well testable version which I could later colour and prettify.

    The game inside the editor being designed

    After merging everything:

    The finished version of the game.

    Try the game now!

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  • Hello world

    I wrote a little hello world tutorial for InCourse's course editor. Although written for InCourse it also applies to the Islandworks' game creator. It's about how you can create your own interactive games, courses or presentations. What do you think about the tutorial? Is it helpful?

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